• Isztria
    • Pula
    • Rovinj
    • Poreč
    • Novigrad
    • Umag
    • Bale
    • Labin
  • Kvarner-öböl
    • Rijeka
    • Opatija
    • Crikvenica
    • Novi Vinodolski
    • Senj
  • Dalmácia
    • Nin
    • Zadar
    • Sv. Filip i Jakov
    • Biograd na Moru
    • Pirovac
    • Vodice
    • Šibenik
    • Primošten
    • Trogir
    • Split
    • Omiš
    • Makarska
    • Dubrovnik
    • Cavtat
  • A horvát szigetvilág
    • Krk
    • Cres
    • Lošinj
    • Rab
    • Pag
    • Murter
    • Brač
    • Hvar
    • Pelješac peninsula
    • Korčula
  • Zagreb
    • The Capital of Croatia
  • Közép-Horvátország és Szlavónia
    • Čakovec
    • Varaždin
    • Karlovac
    • Osijek
    • Vukovar
  • A horvát hegyvidék
    • Plitvice Lakes National Park
    • Knin
    • Drniš
  • Hasznos tudnivalók
    • How to get to Croatia
    • Croatia's geography
    • Croatia's history
    • Politics and economics
    • Transport
    • The Croats
    • Gastronomy
    • Everyday life
  • A horvát nyelv
    • The Croatian language
    • Dictionary
Home arrow Beyond Croatia

Lying at the Adriatic on the north of Italy, Trieste is a fascinating blend of Austrian architecture and Italian lifestyle with some Slovenian influence. As a border city, it has been the target of century-long fights of the Venetian Republic, the Austrian Empire and Italy. From Croatia (Rovinj and Pula) you can get here by boat or by road by driving through Slovenia.

The history of Trieste is very colourful. The town was granted the status of a colony under Julius Caesar. From the 14th century it belonged to the Republic of Venice and later to the Austrian Empire. Trieste grew into an important port and trade hub in the 17th and 18th century when the Austrian Emperor declared it a duty and tax-free port. By the beginning of the 20th century, Trieste became a truly cosmopolitan city, the cultural and literary centre of the so-called Austrian Riviera. Most of its inhabitants spoke Italian (Friuli dialect) while German was the language of the Austrian bureaucracy and Slovenian was spoken in the surrounding villages. The world wars put an end to the prospering Trieste. As a consequence of the fascist regime of Mussolini and the Nazi occupation during WW2, the Slovene ethnic group and the Jewish community suffered racial discrimination and were deported. In the aftermath of the war Trieste was declared an independent state under the protection of the U.N. and its area was divided into two zones. The city was annexed to Italy in 1954.

Trieste is packed with wonderful monuments and palaces. The city’s most beautiful square is Piazza dell’Unita d’Italia, dominated by the eclectic town hall. On one side you can see Palazzo del Governo facing the former seat of Lloyd ship company, Lloyd Triestino palace. Behind the square, on the hilltop the San Giusto cathedral and the San Giusto fortress are worth visiting. The coastal promenade is also lined with attractions: Molo Audace was named after the first Italian torpedo-boat destroyer and here stands the Chamber of Commerce. Canale Grande is just a short walk away and do not miss San Antonio and San Spiridione churches at its end.

What else should you know about Trieste? James Joyce taught English in this city, the French writer Stendhal was in office as French consul here. Trieste is the homeland of Illy coffee, this coffee company was founded by a man of Hungarian origin, Ferenc Illy. Barcolana regatta takes place in Trieste, too with almost 2000 participants. And the white Miramare castle, once the romantic nest of the Austrian Archduke, Ferdinand Maximilian and his wife, is also located just a few kilometres away.